Discussions about EPSSim
EPSSim, created by UNESCO in 2001 as a ‘generic’ simulation model, and evolved later on in different versions, is designed to target, first of all, the ministries of education (different departments including planning, finance and personnel), and also research institutes and universities, in order to support them in the formulation of credible education development policies and plans, in line with the Education for All (EFA) criteria.
Used as a demonstration and training tool, this “generic” model also serves with a minimum adaptation for testing the feasibility of the education policy of a given country. This model needs careful restructuring if one wishes to use it for designing a detailed action plan. EPSSim is primarily used in the full process of national planning, aimed to design credible medium and long-term education policies, strategies, and/or detailed action plans, enabling to test the viability of education policy and strategy options, to devise alternatives that can help cope with dynamic and changing environments, to indicate necessary actions and resources required, as well as to provide monitoring and evaluation indicators.
EPSSim V2.8 was released by UNESCO in 2008, in collaboration with UNDP and UNICEF, to design a UN-wide tool in supporting national educational planning process.
All simulations in EPSSim are carried out by education level (pre-primary through to higher education, including non-formal), each level being conveniently placed in a worksheet, by category of system inputs/ingredients (pupils, teachers, material and infrastructure), by gender, and by owner (private vs. private), with necessary linkages between them. For the sake of convenience, cost projections related to these simulations are presented separately in a single worksheet. Furthermore, the model proposes a number of exercises, modules and utilities on educational planning and policy simulation. To this end, some macros are utilized.
* Gender disaggregated, Public/ Private
* ECCE GER; Primary GIR; General Technical & Vocational Secondary with Registration rates; higher education with enrolment ratios by type of university and specialization; NFE with enrolment ratios
* Flow rates by grades (primary to secondary); PTR Class size; % of multigrade section; Teacher utilization; Ratio category of teachers teachers/non teaching staff; Teachers’ workload (post-primary); Students’ weekly learning hours (post-primary); Book lifespan; % of double shift section; Ratio other rooms/ classroom; Weekly utilization hours per room; Salaries as multiple of GDP/capita; Unit costs
EPSSim has been used for the development of education sector plans (e.g. Moldova, Mongolia, Nigeria), the preparation or review of EFA-specific action plans (Central American and Caribbean countries), the review of the existing policies and plans (Croatia, Mozambique, The Gambia), the regulation of enrolment flows across sub-sectors and education ministries (Algeria), the formulation of policies on specific issues (Niger, Serbia) the decentralization of education (Argentina), or as a regular institutional capacity building (Sudan).